During the Industrial Revolution new machines were developed to cut brass, steel and iron into accurate shapes.
A whole network of engineers and machine-builders developed to provide these ‘machine tools’ to industry. They could produce everything from clocks and watches to steam engines and other machine tools.
In doing so they pioneered new designs, materials and techniques that revolutionised engineering practice and introduced levels of accuracy of which previous generations of engineers could only have dreamed.
Here we will look at the development of machine tools – truly ‘machines for building machines’.